The Directorate is one of the four functional technical Directorates of the National Environment Management Council (NEMC) established for the purpose of spearheading the functions of enforcement and Compliance of the Council. The Main functions of the Directorate are to:- Supervise the assessment of the impact of pollutants emanating from different sources such as industries; Propose and facilitate implementation of pollution abatement measures; Foster, promote and specify standards, guidelines, norms and criteria for the protection of the quality of the environment; Facilitate establishment of Environmental Management Systems in development projects; Supervise Compliance and Monitoring of environmental standards; Prepare technical papers for presentation and publication; and to Provide technical input in negotiating and implementation of international and regional conventions, protocols and treaties relating to environmental management.
The Directorate also attends to day to day emerging complaints from the general public and offers advice to institutions as well as individuals on certain aspects of environmental protection and conservation.
As such, to deliver its functions effectively to address the above mentioned functions, the directorate undertakes the following:-
Inspection of premises to ascertain issues that could be of environmental concern or to verify the complaints received against a certain premises or property; Collect samples from time to time to determine the quality of air, soil, and water and compare it with established environmental standards and conformation to international conventions, treaties and protocols; Participate, in collaboration with other regulating authorities, to formulate various environmental standards; Participate in national and international meetings, workshops, seminars, conventions and treaties to discuss and deliberate on environmental issues; Conduct consultative meetings with other stakeholders to address various issues of environmental concern and to establish the appropriate Environmental Management Systems in their areas of work or production.
To enable the directorate to deliver its functions effectively, it is subdivided into three sections namely:-i. Environmental Monitoring Section (For natural environment – Air, water and Soil).ii. Environmental Compliance Sectioniii. Environmental Enforcement Section
The functions of each section in brief
Environmental Monitoring Section (EMS)
This section deals with the monitoring of environmental quality of the environment surrounding us. It deals with routine monitoring of air, water bodies and soil to determine their qualities in relation to laid down national and international environmental standards. It is through doing this that an early warning can be raised in case of accumulation in the environment of certain pollutants beyond the threshold levels. The report from this section is used by the Compliance and Monitoring Section to determine if there is any point or non point sources of pollution that need to be regulated. In this section regular samples of air, water and soil from various strategic sites are taken for laboratory or field testing and analysis. This section conducts a regular survey along the streets, water courses or land to see if there any macroscopic changes that may indicate a gross state of pollution. But also the section deals with the incidences of gross air, water and soil pollution reported to the council by the community. Such cases may be for example an incidence of excessive deaths of fish or other aquatic organisms in a particular water body (river or lake), or may be an incidence of chemical spillage.
ii. Environmental Compliance Section (ECS)
This section mainly deals with routine inspections to various facilities to ensure that the facilities complies to the requirements given to them either in through various legislations or through the conditions provided to them in their EIA certificates. But also the section ensures that the facilities complies to the requirements given to them by the Council from time to time, but also monitors their discharges and emissions to ensure that they are in conformity with the national Environmental Quality Standards or any other guidelines issued by the Council or any other relevant regulatory authority or any other written law in Tanzania. But the section also monitors the compliance of the general community to the requirements of relevant written laws and guidelines issued in the country or by international Environmental Multilateral Agreements (MEAS). This section, in performing their duties they perform physical inspections of various premises and collect samples for both field and laboratory testing and analysis. This section also plays a role of advising and educating individuals and facilities on the Best Available Practices (BAP) and Best Available Technologies (BAT) to make them comply to the requirements of several legal and environmental requirements. This section works in close collaboration with the EMS and EPS to ensure that both the natural environment is safeguarded and the general community is compliant. This section is also responsible for issuing discharge permits and other permits issuable by the Council as specified in the Environmental Management Act Cap 191 and relevant regulations made there under.
iii. Environmental Enforcement Section (EES).
This section can be compared to the Police Department of the Council. All of the above sections can be said to give a mix of carrot and stick, whereas this section issues a stick only. It is in this section that all formal procedures stipulated by the Act are executed, including issuance of administrative notices and prosecution, when necessary. This section we can say mainly deals with the incorrigibles, who have failed to comply with the directives or advices given to them by the two sections mentioned above.
The National Environment Management Council (NEMC) , Regent Estate Plot No. 29/30, P.O. Box 63154 Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Tel: +255 22 2774852/4889 Fax: +255 22 2774901. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org